Roman era Caesarea Philippi was called Panias by the Greeks before them. The Arabs named it Banias because they cannot pronounce the P, but said B instead. One of the sources of the Jordan River flows from cracks in the rocks below the cave in the background. It is an artesian spring. It springs from the base of Mt. Hermon a peak high above the surrounding region about 9,232 feet high. Mt. Hermon was covered with snow in the coldest months and sometimes obscured by clouds. Jesus was preaching in villages near this city. Philip the brother of Herod had his capitol in this location.